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 Chandigarh History

Chandigarh history, after the partition in 1947, of British India into the two nations of India and Pakistan, the region of Punjab was also split between India and Pakistan. Chandigarh History in Chandigarh To replace Lahore, the Indian state of Punjab required a new capital city, which became part of Pakistan during the partition. History of Chandigarh, after several plans to make additions to existing cities were found to be infeasible for various reasons, the decision to construct a new and planned city was undertaken. The circle office at Chandigarh started to function in the year 1985. At present the jurisdiction of this circle for archeological work extends to the states of Punjab, Hrayana and Chandigarh. In Punjab there are 32 protected monuments of National importance and 89 in Haryana being maintained by the circle. This is usually referred to as Chandigarh Circle.

In independent India, all the new town schemes the Chandigarh project quickly assumed prime significance, because of the city's strategic location as well as the personal interest of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. Commissioned by Nehru to reflect the new nation's modern, progressive outlook, Nehru famously proclaimed Chandigarh to be "unfettered by the traditions of the past, a symbol of the nation's faith in the future." By the French (born Swiss) architect and urban planner, Le Corbusier, in the 1950s, several buildings and layouts in Chandigarh were designed. Le Corbusier was in fact the second architect of the city, after the initial master plan was prepared by the American architect-planner Albert Mayer who was working with the Poland-born architect Matthew Nowicki. It was only after Nowicki's death in 1950 that Le Corbusier was pulled into the project.

The newly-formed Indian state of Haryana was carved out of the eastern portion of the Punjab on 1 November 1966, in order to create Haryana as a majority Hindi speaking state, while the western portion of Punjab retained a mostly Punjabi language-speaking majority and remained as the current day Punjab. However, Chandigarh was on the border, and was thus created into a union territory to serve as capital of both these states. Alone from 1952 to 1966 it was the capital of Punjab. Chandigarh was due to be transferred to Punjab in 1986, in accordance with an agreement signed in August 1985 by Rajiv Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, with Harchand Singh Longowal of the Akali Dal. This was to be accompanied by the creation of a new capital for Haryana, but the transfer had been delayed. There is currently a discussion about which villages in southern districts of Punjab should be transferred to Haryana, and about which Punjabi-speaking villages should be transferred to Punjab. But analysts believe that now it is not possible as none of the State governments would like to give up their claim and Chandigarh would remain to be the capital of both states and a union territory.

Chandigarh became the first Indian city on 15 July 2007 to go smoke-free in India. At public places smoking was strictly prohibited and considered as a punishable act by Chandigarh administration. From 2 October (the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi) in the year 2008, that was followed up by a complete ban on polythene bags with effect.


 Chandigarh Culture

Chandigarh culture: The culture of Chandigarh is an amalgamation of the cultures of the neighboring states Chandigarh Culture in Chandigarh with an urban tinge. Semi -cosmopolitan identity has also added by the setting up of Rajiv Gandhi Software Technology Park. Primarily, Culture of Chandigarh is influenced by Punjabi culture, followed by Haryanavi, Himachali, UP and Bihar. North Indian food is popular In the Chandigarh city North Indian food is getting popular.

For gents Shirts and Trousers are most popular. Older ladies prefer Punjabi suits and Salwars prefer for older ladies. Young girls and boys are mostly seen in Jeans and T-shirts.


 Chandigarh Festival

Chandigarh Festival in Chandigarh

Rose Festivals: A three day mega event is the Rose Festival of Chandigarh, usually in the last week of February, which brings the city of Chandigarh festivals alive. Chandigarh festivals growing in stature with each passing year, the flower show that puts on display hundreds of species of roses housed in the world famous Rose Garden of Chandigarh. Today's Rose Garden includes music and dance performances, both classical and folk, events for children, exhibitions by local artists, photographers and craftsman and a wide range of amusements.

Schedule of Rose Festival 2011:

No. Performance Date Performance By
1. 25-2-2011 7 pm onwards Live performance by Hans Raj Hans, Punjabi Singer
2. 26-2-2011 7 pm onwards Live performance by Priyani Vani(Sa-Re-Ga- Ma Fame), Udhey Dahiya (Comedian) and one prominent dance performer
3. 27-2-2011 7 pm onwards Live performance by Mohit Chauhan,Bollywood Singer.

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